January Special: Whats the OS?

31Jan06

As the month ends here, we at BotHack provide you with our monthly special article. Many people have always been confused on which operating system suites them the best. Within this unbiased article you will find, listed many operating systems created by many companies. Explained are the history, usability, friendliness and flexibility of each OS, allowing you independently to make the choice of which to use. I assure you this is as little as my own opinion I can give, these are the opinions of the masses, and the opinions of many search engines also.

Linux

Linux was developed and used by enthusiasts mostly. Since then, it now has the support of major companies like as IBM, Hewlett-Packard, and Novell for use in servers and is becoming more popular as an OS for the common user. Linux was made for Intel 386 microprocessors but it now supports all popular computer components. It is used in applications from systems such as mobile phones to personal computers and supercomputers. This OS is widely used by the hacking and cracking community as it can be burned to a CD -r and used as a bootable OS allowing for portability and stealth as the CD can be destroyed or hidden easily. Linux was the creation of Linus Torvolds. It was first developed during the cold war, although some believe its creation was well before this time and some believe well after. The US government uses Linux now; I guess they saw what they were missing out on. Microsoft disliked the fact that the OS was completely free, and its flexibility is unmatched as tools can be added and removed at will. The only downside to adding/removing tools is it can be a pain in the ass if you have no experience programming. “Tux?, the mascot for Linux was thought up as Linus, whilst on holiday, was bitten by a penguin. ^_^

Windows 2000

Also known as win2k, its original name was windows NT 5.0, this was changed to Windows 2000 in 1998…

The public received the full version of the OS on February 17th, 2000. It was immediately said to be the most stable operating system Microsoft had created to date. It was widely used by companies and the public. Microsoft released the NT file system known as version 5.0 in windows 2000. This OS was used by the public extensively and is still in use today, it is good, but not recommended in this day and age when operating systems have evolved much farther.

Windows CE

This OS was designed for devices with minimal storage, PDA’s and some other hand held devices. For socket applications it uses Winsock 1 and not version 2 which most people use nowadays because it can’t use version 2. With Linux being introduced into these systems, Windows CE sees less and less users every year, and the Linux population grows by very fast

Windows XP

XP is by far the most widely used OS created by Microsoft, and perhaps in existence. Xp was codenamed “whistler? during development. XP was released, October 25, 2001 and has been used since by many corporations and individuals. It has amazing flexibility and customizing options, themes are available to spice up the OS, with the release of Windows vista, windows is becoming more and more popular with its innovative designs and idea’s. This is one of the most popular Windows OS’s and I wont bash it too much as I am using it while I write this, but with Linux on the up and up, it looks like windows won’t be given the time of day in the near future. Overall XP is a solid OS, providing a lot and of course the tools that are compatible with windows are extensive to say the least, I don’t recommend ditching windows completely; partition your hard drive so you always have the colorful windows there as well as the cuddly tux.

AtheOS

Athe was a free operating system, much like UNIX designed for x86-based computers. AltheOS was previously named AltOS. AltheOS is no longer in development. It was created by a programmer named Kurt Skauen. He created it 100% himself, he was not assisted in his work. The OS is completely open source but no public contributions toward AtheOS were accepted. This is pretty much extinct although if you run a museum this is the OS for you.

A/UX

This is “apple UNIX?. This a Unix-like operating system designed for some of apple’s Mac computers. A/UX was released in 1988, and the final version not being completed until 1995. A/UX was of course closed source, not allowing users to see how it was created and see how it could be exploited and modified. It is the first apple OS with a command line this helped to sell, but not greatly. With not much to say concerning this OS I will move quickly on to BeOS. All I can say without stating technical functions and compatibility with modern box’s is that it is pretty much the same as the above OS, extinct.

BeOS

BEOS stands for “blued eyed operating system?. BeOS is an operating system for PC’s, made by BE Inc. It was created in 1991 and was written to run on BEBOX comps. BE was one of the first OS’s to utilize multithreading and multiprocessor. A good OS for its time, but out of date and obsolete when compared with other OSs.

CP/M

This is an operating system originally designed for single tasking on 8bit processors and little RAM (64mb at most). CP/M stands for Control Program for Microcomputers or Control Progam/Moniter. This was very handy back in the day but not really deserving of a second glance when placed next to more modern OS’s. It’s not too bad.

HP-UX

HP-UX stands for Hewlett Packard UNIX. From around 2000 the primary focus of HP-UX was increasing reliability and security. The latest version is 11.23, the original release was September 2003. In September 2004 it was updated, this version is identified as 11i v2. This version was able to run on IA-64 systems. Pretty good, I have not had personal experience with this OS so not much can be said by me, I apologize.

Irix

Irix was made by “silicon graphics? and is of the UNIX family. Not many Unix OS’s are closed source but this one to my dismay is.
As with the OS above I have not had any experience with it so I will link to Irix’s site:
http://www.sgi.com/products/software/irix/

Mac os

made by apple for their Macintosh computers. Mac was first available to the public in 1984 and was a huge hit. Being VERY user friendly it was popular as soon as it came out, and some people are still using it. The “classic? Mac OS (1984-20010 was criticized for the fact it lacks a command like, it is a 100% graphical operating system. A good OS, but I would see the next OS down if you want a Mac.

Mac osX

OS X uses a graphical user interface as well as a command line, this feature alone helped it sell well. OS X was made in 2001 and is used a lot now, most notably in the apple ibooks. This is an excellent OS, it allows many tools and programs to be installed and is compatible with most hardware available now. This OS is by far one of the easiest to use so far as it has clear symbols, excellent name tagging and uses desktop icons as well as a strip menu across the bottom for your important applications. Apple adopted Intel processors in 2005. the first Mac computer to use an Intel processor was the imac, it sold well. The OS is excellent and is not too expensive, I would recommend partitioning the hard drive to give you choice, so you don’t have to use Mac day in day out, as the easiness can become irritating and tiresome.

Netware

Netware was created by Novell inc. Netware was almost slaughtered by windows NT which was released around the same time. Netware was based on the concept of one or more dedicated servers were connected to the network, disk space was then shared between them in “volumes?. Early Netware systems were very stable, there were reports of their servers running for over 3 years without a human ever having to touch it. (of course the trouble of dust was a bitch so cleaning was frequent.) overall a pretty good OS, well thought out and executed. I would obtain and use this OS of my own free will but I feel there are server OS’s which far outweigh this one, windows 2003 server for example (see last entry)

SunOS

Sun was made by sun Microsystems for workstations and server’s until 1990 (or around this time). It was based on BSD (UNIX). There were many versions each better than the one that preceded it. The first version was 1.0 released in 1982 and was a small success in its company and a small amount of people used it for their on use. The last Sun release of SUNOS 4 was 4.1.4 (use this if googleing). “SunOS is no longer used, it is used on startup etc but it has been replaced by “Solaris? due its change from being BSD-like.

(Open) VMS

stands for Virtual Memory System. This OS is mainly designed for batch processing and transaction processing. It was the only OS of its time to feature built in computer networking and hardware partitioning. These features are common on practically all modern server OS’s but this was what made it possible for other server OS’s to have what they do now. If you want a server OS, try this out, I wouldn’t use it permanently but it’s worth a look.

OS/2

This was created by Microsoft with help from IBM. Microsoft backed out and IBM was left to create it itself. The name stands for “Operating System 2?, pretty lame, but original. It was considered a successor of MS-DOS. OS/2 version 1.0 was revealed in April 1987 as a text mode OS. Still, it’s nothing special. Overall OS/2 didn’t do well in the market, some people have tried to obtain the source but IBM is keeping it under lock and key, and under lock and key is where it should remain. I give them a 10 for their efforts.

OSF/1

This is a closed source. It was developed in 1988 during the “UNIX wars?. It never really took off. IBM and Hewlett-Packard abandoned the project in 1992. There have been plans on redeveloping the OS. It will have a new name and new identity, watch out for it, it may be good.

FreeBSD

development of FreeBSD began in 1993, it took 386BSD as its shell and built on that. There were concerns about legality of 386BSD therefore much of it was reengineered. I have never worked with this OS therefore not much can be said by me, research FreeBSD if it interests you, although nothing special, future projects are in the works so watch this space.

NetBSD

This is freely redistributable and open source allowing users to learn a lot form the OS and modify/tweak it for their needs. The earliest version is 0.8 as far as I am aware and the newest is 3.0, it was released December 2005. It looks alright, I haven’t used it so I wouldn’t know, but the users I have contacted seem happy, and they mostly state it’s not the best but it serves its purpose.
This may help you decide, it has some pretty cool apps and some good shit to keep you going for a while, check it out, it doesn’t look badhttp://www.netbsd.org/gallery/in-Action/

win 2003 server

Released April 25, 2003, it was to take over from win 2000 server, it boots with no server components stitched on to reduce the attack of vectors for new install. This server OS is very good according to my contacts, I was told it is very easy to use.
Check out their site, it is easily navigatable etc, I am sure you will like it. It is very impressive, as it is almost 3 years old you have to give it some credit as it is used a lot nowadays and hasn’t been cast aside when measured up against some of the worlds leading server OS’s, it is handy to have. I have heard of a school that uses this as its main operating system for seniors.

http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/default.mspx

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2 Responses to “January Special: Whats the OS?”

  1. wow.. so interesting and useful information 🙂

  2. great post


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